4 Tips to Avoid and Detain Kidney Failure
Over time, diabetics usually suffer from complication eventually. One of them is kidney function disorder or kidney failure. Generally, kidney failure occurs after 15-25 years of diabetes. It is very rare to see this kind of diabetes complication within 10 years of diabetes.
The first stage of kidney failure is called CKD (Chronic Kidney Disease). Kidney filtration function stays normal at this stage. After a few years of, due to the progress of the disease, leakage of albumin in the urine will increase, followed by the decline in kidney filtration function (this stage is called macroalbuminuria or proteinuria). Severe kidney failure raises blood tension. There’s no reason to panic at all. Here are some tips to prevent and hold up kidney failure.
BLOOD TENSION MEDICATIONS
Medication used to lower blood tension can significantly slow down the development of kidney failure. Two kinds of lowering blood tension medications, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and angiotensin-receptor blocker (ARB), have been proven effective to slow down the development of kidney failure. Another example of effective ACE inhibitor is lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril). Doctors usually prescribe this medicine to treat kidney failure caused by diabetes. While a good example of effective ARB is losortan (Cozaar) which is useful to protect kidney function and to lower the risk of cardiovascular disease.
LOW PROTEIN DIET
Excessive protein intake is dangerous for diabetics who has developed kidney failure. Low protein diet is very useful for those with decreased kidney function. However, this kind of diet must be done very carefully under supervision of a doctor.
INTENSIVE BLOOD GLUCOSE MANAGEMENT
This method is quite promising for diabetics, especially the ones in early stage of CKD. Body normally converts foods into glucose, a main source of energy for us. To get into the cells, glucose needs a hormone produced by pancreas called insulin. When someone doesn’t produce enough insulin or doesn’t respond to it, then glucose can’t be processed by the body. This leads to high blood glucose level and this simply means diabetes.
Intensive blood sugar management is a treatment to keep your blood sugar at normal level (or at least close to normal). This treatment covers routine blood glucose level check, proper use of insulin injection, diet, physical activity, and regular consultation with physician.
DIALYSIS AND TRANSPLANTATION
In the 70’s, doctors usually hesitate to recommend dialysis and kidney transplant for diabetics. Nowadays, things are very different. Dialysis and kidney transplant are highly recommended by a lot of doctors. Life expectancy of kidney transplant on diabetics is as high as the same procedure applied to non-diabetics.
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